Capacity, Production and consumption of pellets in Germany by DEPI
Capacity, Production and consumption of pellets in Germany by DEPI


Germany report record high pellet production and consumption 2013

With a production of 2.25 million tonnes ( t) Germany has consolidated its position as a leading international producer of wood pellets in 2013, reports the German Wood and pellet association DEPV. More than 43,000 new boilers and stoves were installed reaching a number of 322,000 units.  Around 7.6 TWh of heat was produced from pellets in Germany in 2014, 70 percent of this by small boilers.

For 2014, the DEPV predicts an increase in domestic pellet production by another 100,000 tonnes to 2.35 million tonnes and the installation of 47,000 new furnaces. As the German consumtion of pellets increases much faster than the production,  export capacity is expected to  further decrease in 2014.

The average cost of pellets was 273 EUR / t including a price increase of 15.7 percent . Compared with fuel oil the price advantage was 35 percent according to DEPV.

Nationwide Germany have approimatly 60 pellet production plants.  The technically possible production, the capacity, has expanded to 3.2 million tonnes. This means that around 70 percent of the capacity was used. One reasson holding back the production for some plants was unsuficent amount of raw material .  Almost 90 percent of the raw material was residues from the sawmills, mostly sawdust but also shavings and wood chips .  A price cut back on saw mill residues is announced for 2014 partly because of clousure of pulp and MDF mills in the region and high sawmill activity. This might increase available amount of raw material for pellets.

About 90 percent of the wood pellets are produced by ENplus certified manufacturers and approximatly 80 percent are distributed as buk.

German pellet Installations, large boilers, small boilers and stoves
German pellet Installations, large boilers, small boilers and stoves

Most pellets are used in one- and two family houses in boilers, 212 500 units are installed, all together producing around 4.5 TWh of heat with a consumption of 1.13 milion ton pellets. In addition, there are approx. 100 000 installed pellet stoves using around 80 000 ton pellets.

The larger units, larger than 50 kW, are increasingly important. The around 9 000 plants uses approximatly 810 000 ton in a year, producing around 3 TWh of heat.

In a comment says Martin Bentele , executive chairman of the German Energy Wood and Pellet Association (DEPV ) . ” Since the conditions for the replacement of old heating systems with new pellet remain attractive, we expect continued growth in 2014″ .


Lennart Ljungblom

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