EU states could be in a better position to deal with disruptions of the gas supply thanks to a new solidarity mechanism that a country that declares an emergency level could receive gas from neighbouring countries. In April Parliament and Council negotiators reached an agreement on the text that yesterday was approved by the European Parliament.
Over the past decades natural gas’s share of Europe’s energy mix has increased, unlike that for oil and coal. It now accounts for nearly a quarter of the EU’s gross inland energy consumption and is especially used for heating homes and generating electricity.
But the dependence of gas is very different between the European countries with the highest shares in The Netherlands, Italy, the United Kingdom, Lithuania and Hungary. The dependence has dramatically increased in UK, Ireland and Belgium. There countries has almost no use of natural gas, Sweden, Cyprius and Malta. Also Finland and Estonia use less than 10 percent gas in there energy mix today. However Cyprus are in a process of exploring of shore gas and Malta has this year received it’s first LNG shipment.
The European suppliers are mainly Russia, Norway, Algeria and Qatar. Around 20 percent of the Union needs are produced within the EU.